LEED ND as A Tool for Evaluating the Quality of Life in Egyptian Cities Case Study: Bilqas City, Dakahlia

Document Type : Research Studies


1 Researcher at Architectural Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Mansoura University, Egypt

2 Assistant professor, Architectural Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Mansoura University, Egypt

3 Professor of Architectural Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, Egypt


Egyptian urban communities in the old cities suffer many urban issues. These issues affect the quality of the natural and built environment in which people live, work and have leisure. Promoting community quality and human satisfaction is the main focus of urban development. The notion of QOL as a result of urban communities’ development came into synchronization in the 60th. In 2007, the USGBC conducted the LEED-ND rating system to create more sustainable neighborhoods and raise the QOL for residents. This study focuses on the importance of QOL studies in the urban planning field and the coherence between the LEED-ND system and the indicators of QOL. It addresses this topic relative to the urban communities in Egyptian old inhabited cities, precisely Bilqas city in Dakahliya province. This proposal represents a new approach to comprehending urban development methodologies and their application in Egyptian urban communities.  Challenges and opportunities in the proposed case study visualize the research conclusion


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