Publication Ethics

It is the responsibility of authors to ensure that the article has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere in any format and that there are no ethical concerns with the contents or data collection. The authors must make sure that there is no conflict of interest with others. Acknowledgment of other researcher’s studies has to be always considered. Authors must make sure that their manuscript is plagiarism free and they have original research, and any used studies/research from other researchers, are suitably cited. Authorship must be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the research. All authors of the article should have significantly contributed to the following:

  • The concept and design of the study, or execution of the data collection, or analysis and discussion of data.
  • Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content.
  • Final approval of the submitted and published version of the article. 

The order of naming the contributors should be based on the relative contribution of the contributor towards the study and writing of the manuscript. Once submitted, the order cannot be changed without the written consent of all the contributors. If some people have participated in some aspects of the research, they have to be either acknowledged or listed as contributors.

It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to make sure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the article. It is also his responsibility to ensure that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the article and have agreed to its submission for publication. He also should inform the journal if he subsequently finds errors in the research, include appropriate funding statements in the manuscript, and sign a copyright agreement on behalf of the authors.